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Military in Bangladesh


The military of Bangladesh comprises three major wings, namely, the Bangladesh Army (Sena Bahini), the Bangladesh Navy (Noh Bahini) and the Bangladesh Air Force (Biman Bahini) which are together referred to as the Bangladesh Armed Forces. The para-military Border Guard Bangladesh and Bangladesh Coast Guard are under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Home Affairs during peacetime, but during wartime they fall under the command of Bangladesh Army and Bangladesh Navy respectively.

The President of Bangladesh is the Commander-in-Chief of the military, the Ministry of Defence is the principal administrative organisation by which military policy is formulated and executed. To coordinate military policy with diplomacy both the President and the Prime Minister are advised by a six-member advisory board, three Chiefs of Staff, which includes the head of each of the regular services, Principal Staff Officer of the Armed Forces Division, and Military Secretaries to the President and the Prime Minister.

During the war of independence against Pakistan in 1971 the combined military at its inception was officially named and titled Bangladesh Forces. At that time a small selected number of Pakistani military personnel were who already in service with the Pakistan Armed Forces as citizens of Pakistan were Bengali. As the independence war struggle broke out, a majority of these Bengali military personnel switched allegiance to Bangladesh as members of Bangladesh Forces. Since independence all personnel, both officers and men, have been trained in sovereign Bangladesh. By the end of that decade most of them had been released from service under (voluntary and forced retirement) and by the mid-1990s only a handful remained. In the present day, all commissioned and non-commissioned personnel are trained and serve in sovereign Bangladesh. An official day known as Armed Forces Day is observed in honour of its inception every year on November 21st.

Bangladesh has consistently made large contributions to United Nations peacekeeping operations. As of May 2007, Bangladesh had major deployments in Democratic Republic of Congo, Liberia, Sudan, Timor-Leste and Cote d'Ivoire. With 9,677 troops deployed, it ranks second in personnel contributions to UN peacekeeping. The government declined to participate in Iraq on a request from USA. The deployment to Liberia began in October 2003 and has remained at a level of about 3,200 who are participating in peacekeeping, charitable activities and infrastructure development.


Military branches : Bangladesh Defence Force: Bangladesh Army (Sena Bahini), Bangladesh Navy (Noh Bahini, BN), Bangladesh Air Force (Biman Bahini, BAF) (2010)
Military service age and obligation : 17-19 years of age for voluntary enlisted military service; Bangladeshi birth and 10th grade education required; initial obligation 15 years (2012)
Manpower available for military service : males age 16-49: 36,520,491 (2010 est.)
Manpower fit for military service

: males age 16-49: 30,486,086
females age 16-49: 35,616,093 (2010 est.)
Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually : male: 1,606,963
female: 1,689,442 (2010 est.)
Military expenditures : 1.3% of GDP (2009)




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