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Population in Bangladesh
 
 
 

General

The population of Bangladesh in 2005 was estimated by the United Nations at 144,233,000, which placed it at number 7 in population among the 193 nations of the world. In 2005, approximately 3% of the population was over 65 years of age, with another 35% of the population under 15 years of age. There were 104 males for every 100 females in the country. According to the UN, the annual population rate of change for 2005-10 was expected to be 1.9%, a rate the government viewed as too high. In 2004-06, the government carried out a program aimed at reducing population growth. The projected population for the year 2025 was 189,971,000. The population density was 1,002 per km² (2,594 per mi²).

The UN estimated that 23% of the population lived in urban areas in 2005, and that urban areas were growing at an annual rate of 3.45%. The capital city, Dhaka, had a population of 11,560,000 in that year.

Overview

Population : 161,083,804 (July 2012 est.)
Age structure : 0-14 years: 33.6% (male 27,489,425/ female 26,705,051)
15-64 years: 61.6% (male 47,035,450/ female 52,164,097)
65 years and over: 4.8% (male 3,763,528/ female 3,926,253) (2012 est.)
Median age

: total: 23.6 years
male: 23.1 years
female: 24.1 years (2012 est.)
Population growth rate : 1.579% (2012 est.)
Birth rate : 22.53 births/1,000 population (2012 est.)
Death rate : 5.71 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est.)
Net migration rate : -1.04 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2012 est.)
Urbanisation : urban population: 28% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanisation: 3.1% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - population : Dhaka (capital) 14.251 million; Chittagong 4.816 million; Khulna 1.636 million; Rajshahi 853,000 (2009)
Sex ratio : at birth: 1.04 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.9 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.96 male(s)/female
total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2011 est.)
Maternal mortality rate : 240 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Infant mortality rate : total: 48.99 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 51.48 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 46.39 deaths/1,000 live births (2012 est.)
Life expectancy at birth : total population: 70.06 years
male: 68.21 years
female: 71.98 years (2012 est.)
Total fertility rate : 2.55 children born/woman (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate : less than 0.1% (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS : 6,300 (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths : fewer than 200 (2009 est.)
Major infectious diseases : degree of risk: high
food or water-borne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhoea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
vector-borne diseases: dengue fever and malaria are high risks in some locations
water contact disease: leptospirosis
animal contact disease: rabies
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2009)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight : 41.3% (2007)
Health expenditures : 3.4% of GDP (2009)
Physicians density : 0.295 physicians/1,000 population (2007)
Hospital bed density : 0.4 beds/1,000 population (2005)
Nationality : noun: Bangladeshi(s)
adjective: Bangladeshi
Ethnic groups : Bengali 98%, other 2% (includes tribal groups, non-Bengali Muslims) (1998)
Religions : Muslim 89.5%, Hindu 9.6%, other 0.9% (2004)
Languages : Bangla (official, also known as Bengali), English
Literacy : definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 56.8%
male: 61.3%
female: 52.2% (2010 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education) : total: 8 years
male: 8 years
female: 8 years (2007)
Education expenditures : 2.4% of GDP (2008)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 : total: 9.3%
male: 8%
female: 13.6% (2006)
 

 
 

 



 


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